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Exploring the Future of Computing
Pardus Linux 2007.2 Review. E-mail
Written by Administrator   
Friday, 17 August 2007

Pardus Linux  is funded by the Turkish government. With the support from the government,

I hope that Linux and open source software  would  be given  more emphasis by the newly

elected Turkey  government.  As Microsoft Windows  is the dominant  operating system in

Turkey,  I  hope  that  this  relatively  new  desktop-centric  Linux  distribution (Pardus)  will

slowly capture  a portion of the  desktop operating system market share  and  thus  release

the Turkish  people  from  the  grip  of  Microsoft Windows.   Actually,  I  decided  to  review

Pardus  Linux  2007.2   when I  got  to know  of  its  security model  that  has  raised  many

eyebrows.   Another   2 reasons  were  the very  gratifying  wifi  experience  and  of course

the Pardus Linux's innovations.







The official website of Pardus Linux  is located at  Languages supported was

a big  let down since the  first version  of Pardus Linux 1.0  (released in early 2005).  Turkce

and  a minimum  of English.  This was due to the fact that  Pardus Linux  was  created for the

Turkish speakers. However, more and more languages are now being supported on Pardus

Linux. For example,  Pardus Linux 2007.2  now  supports  Turkce (defaut), English, Deutsch,

Espanol, Nederlands, Brazilian Portugues, Catalan, Francais, and Italiano.


Maybe there will be support for major Asian languages in its future versions? For those who

know the  English language,  you can get help  from the  Pardus Worldforum.  You can also

access some documentations on Pardus Linux in English here.


Pardus Linux 2007.2 is a maintenance release for Pardus Linux 2007.  Pardus Linux 2007.2

was released on 12 July 2007.  Pardus 2007.2 comes  with  the KDE 3.5.7 desktop interface.

Under the hood are Linux Kernel, X.Org 7.2, and   GCC 3.4.6.  By the way,  Pardus

2007.2  also  comes with the necessary  toolchain  for compiling  and  installation  packages

from the source. The Sun Java, sun-jre  and  its the Java browser plugin  were  well

integrated into  Pardus Linux 2007.2.  As a result,   I had no  problems running  Java  applet

from Konqueror or Firefox. 


Pardus Linux 2007.2  comes in 2 forms.   If you want to give  Pardus Linux 2007.2  a try,  you

could just download Pardus Calisan (Live CD).  If you need  to install  Pardus 2007.2 to your

hard disk,  you must download  Pardus Kurulan (Installation CD).  However, the Live CD has

no  installer!  Two in one:   a Live CD with installer would be a better strategy  and more eco-

nomical. Hopefully you don't have to download  2 different iso images  in the  next version of

Pardus Linux. The root password  for the Live CD  is  pardus  and  the password  for  the de-

fault user,  pars,  is  also pardus.


The programs on both the Installation CD and Live CDs  are made  up  of  almost the  same set

of packages.  The  main  differences,   package-wise,  that  I noticed  is  the  lack of the Virtual-

Box  program  on the Intallation CD.   The  default  games  provided  on  the  Live CD  and  also

the  Installation CD  are  also  slightly  different.    Well,  don't worry,   VirtualBox 1.4.1 for  x86

virtualization  tasks  from the  Pardus Linux 2007.2  repository. 


Luckily for me,  the Live CD of Pardus Linux 2007.2  comes with the  once  popular Tux Racer

that my 3 years old daughter likes to play.   It's  the first  computer game  that she  is  capable

of playing on SimplyMepis 6.5.  I suppose,  being  able to  manoeuvre  the Tux on ice and also

being able  to  change  the size and  the colour of the  fonts  on  Openoffice  are what Linux  is

all  about to her.  Whenever  I  wanted  to load  any  Live CD on  the computer,  she would say

this  to me  "Daddy, got pengiun on ice or not?".   This is a typical Malaysian English slang. 



YALI - The Installer On The Installation CD (Kurulan).

The developers of Pardus Linux 2007.2 have recommended 500MB to 2GB of swap partition

and 4GB of root partition.   Less than 3.5GB  of disk space is not allowed for the root partition.

In  order  to  get  an  effective performance,  a  RAM  of at least 512MB  and  a processor with

1200MHz clockspeed have been suggested.  By the way,  the minimum RAM and processor

clockspeed are 256MB and 800MHz respectively.



Below is the sequence of screens that you would meet when you load up

the Installation CD of Pardus 2007.2 (kurulan):-


1) Language selection (default is Turkce).


2) Boot options screen:          

          -Pardus 2007.2 Caracal caracal.

          -Pardus 2007.2 Caracal caracal Standard Graphic Mode.

          -Pardus 2007.2 Caracal caracal Minimum Option.          

          -Memory test.          

          -Continue From Hard Disk.          

          -Other Languages (another chance for you to select your desired language)


3) Acceptance of GPL licensing.


4) Check the integrity of the packages in the Installation CD.

     It took about  4 minutes to check.   I think every Linux distro should come 

     with this utility.  I find that such utility is very important in Vector Linux.


5) Selection of keyboard layout.


6) Next was the partitioning method.

     I chose autopartitioning over manual  partitioning and Yali ended using up the

     whole hard disk as root partition.  No separate partition for /boot, /home or swap.

     No swap partition was  automatically created and Yali didn't insist that I should

     have a swap partition,  even when I tried to install Pardus 2007.2 on a Dell

     Optiplex with 600MHz processor and a 128MB RAM.  Yali took between  22 to

     30 minutes to install and 8 to 12 minutes to configure on most of the machines

     that I tested).


7) Root or system administrator password and hostname set up.


8) Next screen was the place to set up the new users account.

   The first user is given the administrative rights automatically. However you can

   un-check the already checked check box to cancel this controversial conferment.

   The option to prevent this conferment was not there in the previous version of

   Pardus 2007.  The second new user, third new user, and so on  would not be

   given any administrative rights by default. Sounds like Windows XP! Another new

   option in Yali is that you can let any of the new user  to use the autologin facility.


9) Next screen was for the installation of Grub.


10) Congratulation screen appeared.

      The Installation CD ejected once  I clicked on the next button.

      I was then advised to reboot my computer.


11) After rebooting, the Grub menu appeared.

      The entry for Windows Vista was there in the menu on my machine notebook

      with XP.  However, other Linux distro on the same hard disk wasn't detected.


12) Then I met the Login Manager after the kernel booting.

      The artwork of the  Login Manager, KDM,  like its bootsplash,  wasn't impressive.

      You are not allowed to login as root user.


13) After logging in via the Login Manager.

      The KDE startup splash started and once  KDE was fully loaded up, I heard the

      typical default KDE theme sound/music. Then, I was immediately welcomed by



14) Kaptan Desktop application offers :-

       (i)  Setup the mouse first.

       (ii) Choose the style of your desktop.

             -Classic style with/without Kickoff style start menu.

                 (Classic style without Kickoff start menu is the default)

              -Modern style with/without Kickoff style start menu.

             -NextGeneration style with/without Kickoff style start menu.

             -Transparent style with/without Kickoff style start menu.

                 (To me, the Transparent style with  Kickoff start menu  is the best)

        (iii) Select a wallpaper.

               (By default, no wallpaper. Just a blue background)

        (iv) Network configuration starts.

        (v) Pisi is launched automatically

                     (So that you can configure it and it would automatically proceed to

                       updating its database. If you've have away the administrative rights

                       from the first user, you will get an error here, as you need the

                       administrative rights to launch pisi)



On The KDE Desktop For The First Time.

All of  my three notebook's  touchpad  worked  graciously with  the  default  synaptics  driver.

Pardus Linux 2007.2 desktop  looks  aesthetically-pleasing  if  you use the  eye candy  wall-

paper suggested by Kaptan Desktop over the  default blue color background. The  tulliana2

icon theme  is also a nice choice.  As  I  use  the non-default  Kickoff start menu,  more  and

more often,  I found it to bebetter  than the default Kmenu.


With Mudur (the fast init system),  Pardus Linux 2007.2's  booting  times for most of my  note-

books and desktop PCs are  between  50 to 53 seconds.   While  the  shutdown  times were

between  26  to  28  seconds.  Tasma  is  a very easy-to-use  control  centre  (modified  KDE

control centre)  that  will  help you  administer  your system.  However it is  still a  very young

administrative tool.  Yast  of openSUSE is  very matured  and thorough.  Another tool  that  I

think can be added to Tasma is the newly  added tool, Boot Manager, located at the System

category of Programs.  You can use the new Boot Manager to modify your Grub entry.




With the ntfs-3g  version 1.710 driver,  I  was able to read and write  to my automounted ntfs

partition out-of-the-box.  You  can  also  fix the nfs partition with the supplied  ntfsprogs  tool.

One of the first things that I installed was  the  Red Hat-pioneered  Liberation-fonts  from the

Pardus 2007.2 repository  to replace  the default Dejavu- fonts.  Since  the  network  was up

by default,  I could  immediately surf some Flash-based website.



Desktop Application Available.

After installing Pardus 2007.2 on your hard disk, the popularly used desktop applications

available on system are:-


Multimedia:- Amarok, K3b, KMPlayer, kdetv, MPlayer, etc.


Graphics:-    Gimp-2.3.18, Digikam, KSnapshot, Kolourpaint, Kooka, KPDF, etc.


Internet:-      Firefox-, Konqueror-3.5.7, KTorrent-2.2, Kopete, Krdc,

                   Konversation, KGet, Akregator, KFTPGrabber, etc.


Office:-        Kontact, Openoffice suite 2.2.1, KOrganizer, KAddressBook.



Small Number Of Server Applications.

As the  Net-SSLeay 1.25  Perl module  and  openssl-0.9.7m packages  have  been  already

installed by default,  installing  the popular Webmin  program  is very much easier. If  you

should need  server  services on  your Pardus Linux 2007.2,   a small number of important

server  packages  are  also  available on the  Pardus  Linux 2007.2  repository.  They  are

Apache-2.0.59,  Bind-9.4.1,  Dhcp-3.0.5,  Dovecot-1.0.0,   Mysql-server-5.0.40,   Postgresql-

server-8.1.9,  Vsftpd-2.0.5,  Ntp-server-4.2.4,  Postfix-2.3.4, etc.



Excellent Wired And Wireless Networking.

Network-wise, I  had  no  problem  in  accessing  my  network's  workgroup,  computers  and

shares via the Smb4k or Konqueror. Pardus 2007.2 has not failed to handle any of the wired

ethernet that I threw at it,  no problem  even  with  the Nvidia's  MCP51  ethernet or the many

Broadcom-based ethernet.  The  most exciting  thing  was  the  wireless  support  offered  by

Pardus Linux 2007.2.  Connecting  via the WPA-PSK on my notebooks with wlan adapter of

IPW2100 chipset,  IPW3945 chipset,  BCM4311 chipset,  BCM4312 chipset, and the Atheros

chipset  worked  out-of-the-box.


However,  I was not  satified with Pardus Linux 2007.2's  support  for the non-miniPCI based

wlan  adapters.  For  instance,  my desktop-based (PCI interface) Ralink  wlan card  with the

RT2400 chipset and the RT2500 chipset worked out-of-the-box,  but without any encryption.

Another example of  non-mini PCI-based  flop  was the failure to support  the  pcmcia-based

and USB-based  Ralink  card  on my notebook  out-of-the-box   although these Ralink cards

were detected.   Pardus Linux 2007.2  failed  to  detect  my  Belkin Wireless G USB Network

Adapter which has a  Zydas wifi chipset.  The unique network applet of Pardus Linux 2007.2

was also easy to use and intuitive.  The PEAP-MSCHAPv2  wireless encryption protocol  is

also available in  its network applet.


Media Supported On Pardus Linux 2007.2.

I have no problems  playing WMA, WMV, AVI, Flash, Realaudio, Realvideo, Google video,

MPEG, Divx, Quicktime video files.  With the availability of the libdvdcss, I had no problem

in playing my original DVD video out-of-the-box.



Unique Package Management. 

Package  management-wise,  I had  no  problem  using  the  Package Manager, which is the

front-end of  Pisi.   As  a matter of fact, the Package Manager was very efficient in all facets.

If you prefer  a non-graphical front-end,  just use the  Konsole.  In order to install  a program

from  the  commandline interface, CLI,   just  type  sudo pisi install <package>.  If  you  need

to  list all available packages,  just type  sudo pisi list-available.  If you need to upgrade your

existing system  from  2007.1  to the latest 2007.2 version,  just execute  sudo pisi up.  If  you

need to configure Pisi, you can edit the /etc/pisi/pisi.conf file. With more than 2300 packages

available on the repositories  (Pardus 2007.2 + Contrib),  I am  spoilt  with choice despite the

very  much less  available packages  as compared  to the Debian repositories.  By the way, if

you should  need  a  package  which  is  not  available  at   Pardus Linux 2007.2  repositories,

you can submit your request for a new package at






Elite User With Too Many Wheels.

Although  Pardus Linux  developers  seem to have listened  to criticisms  about  the  security

model of  Pardus Linux 2007.1  and  its  earlier versions,  and  therefore  have  included  the

option  of not  conferring  the  administrative rights  to the  first  new  user,   you  would  still

receive  this  warning   if  you  disable  the  default  conferment  to  the first new user during

installation of Pardus 2007.2.


"A user without administrative rights cannot complete system
 maintenance tasks. You are strongly encouraged to define an
 administrator user".

What  will happen if I had logged in  as a new user without  administrative rights (= not  placed

in the wheel group)?   Kaptan  Desktop  will  not  be able  to  start  the network  for  you  if  the

network wasn't started by an administrator.  If the network was started,  as a new user without

administrative rights,  I will not be able to edit the network applet.  I will not be able to perform

an update  with  the Pisi either.   In  fact  I will not  be able to perform  any of the system admi-

nistrative  tasks.  You can  execute  kdesu  at  in  the Konsole   but  you would  receive  "wrong

password"   message.    If  you try to execute su in  the  Konsole,  you would  receive the "Perm-

ission denied"  message.   Basically,  I  would be  locked up!   An average  Linux  user wouldn't

be able  to free himself  from this lock!


For  your  information,  a new user without administrative rights in Pardus Linux 2007.2

can  only  play  audio  and music,   handle modem/fax,   handle removable   and  fixed

storage unit  devices,   administer  peripheral  devices,   access  video  hardware,  and

access power control.


Of course,   you can execute  su  and  kdesu  successfully  if  your   are  a new user  with the

administrative rights.  What  I  failed to understand was why the Pardus Linux 2007.2  deve-

lopers have   to allow  the user  with  administrative  privilege  to  access  almost   all of  the

"carotid" or "jugular"  administrative graphical tools  without  needing  any password.  Out of

the 40 over tools in Tasma,  only  Disk Manager,  Login Manager,  and  Samba  tools  need

root password,  while tools like  Package Manager,  Service Manager,  Firewall Config, and

User Manager can be launched without ever  needing any  sort of password.


What type of "elite user"  is this?  Windows XP  type, of course!   Obviously,  this  could have

been  designed   to  accommodate  Windows  XP  users   who  have been  used  to   making

system-wide changes,  changing  user  accounts,  installing  programs,  and  starting or stop-

ping  services  via  a  graphical  interface  without  being asked for a password.



Graphic Cards  And  Monitors.

I  was  happy  because  Pardus Linux  2007.2  managed  to configure  my  LCDs   with 1024x

768,  1200x800,  1280x1024  resolution correctly.   However,  it  failed to configure my  LCD

with 1680x1050  resolution.   So  I  had  to edit  the xorg.conf.   Open source graphic  drivers

were used to  drive the Intel,  Ati  and  the  Nvidia  graphic cards  of  my notebooks and  des-

ktops.  You can run  xorgconfig  to configure your monitor  resolution  if  it  is  not configured

properly,  or  just edit the /etc/X11/xorg.conf file directly.   The  915resolution   tool was  also

bundled  with  the  Installation CD,   just  in case your  Intel graphic card's  video BIOS need

some  modication  in order  to  achieve  a  certain  display resolution. You can download  the

proprietary  Nvidia or  the Ati drivers from Pardus 2007.2 repository.


For instance, if you  have  a  Nvidia graphic card,  you  need to  execute  nvidia-xconfig  from

the Konsole  as root user and then restart  the  xserver. After restarting the xserver, you can

execute  nvidia-settings  from the Konsole to launch the Nvidia utility. As far as 3D eye candy

is  concerned,  the  Beryl  package  is  not in the Pardus 2007.2  repository  yet.  You need to

download  the source from it's website and compile it.   After  installing  Beryl,  you must not

forget  to edit  the  /etc/X11/xorg.conf  file  to  enable  compositing.   The "easier" way  would

be submitting the absence of Beryl as a bug!


Sound Support Needs More Polishing.

As far as sound is concerned,  the Intel 82801DB-ICH4(Sigmatel STAC9750 chipset) sound

card on my Dell Inspiron 600M  notebook  worked out-of-the -box with Pardus Linux 2007.2.

However, the scenarios were different  with the sound card on my  Dell Inspiron 640M  note-

book  and my Compaq Presarion V3222AU notebook.  I needed to run alsamixer utility from

the command line to unmute the HDA Intel (Sigmatel STAC9200 chipset) sound card  of my

Dell Inspiron 640M notebook. It was much harder with the HDA Nvidia sound card that came

with Conexant CX20549 chipset found on my Compaq Presarion V3222AU notebook.  I had

to run  alsaconfig  as an administrator  and then adjust  the volume  using alsamixer.  uckily,

the sound cards on my three other desktop PC (Optiplex and Dimension) worked beautifully.



Other Hardwares.
With the availability of hplip-1.7.4a package,  making my all-in-one HP Officejet model 4355

work was a breeze.  Accessing  my automounted usbkey  was also  an easy task.  The  rem-

ovable disk icon look great too.  Pardus 2007.2  developers  has added  support for Jmicron

IDE controller.  I was also delighted that there  were  no problems in the handling of my new

Sony  hard-disk-based  camcorder  and  also my Sony digital  camera.  Sadly,  there was no

program to handle my  Genius webcam in Pardus  Linux 2007.2.



Suspend Function  Performed  "As Expected".

Suspend to Disk and Suspend to RAM only worked beautifully on on my Dell Inspiron 640M

notebook  but  not on  the Inspiron 600M model.   On  my Compaq Presario V3222AU  note-

book,  the  Suspend to Disk worked but it failed to Suspend to RAM. 



Good Idea To Base A New Linux Distribution On Pardus Linux.

In Conclusion,   Pardus Linux 2007.2  has  a  very good  hardware  detection.   It  has all the

necessary non-proprietary and proprietary codecs/plugin/applications which are needed on

a modern desktop.  The unique Pisi  is definitely fast,  efficient  and intelligent.  The miniPCI-

-based  wlan  adapters'  support  for notebooks  is  definitely  second  to none.  Much  better

than Ubuntu.  On the security side, I hope that  the developers  will  become  more receptive

to  criticisms  and  strive  to  develope  (despite being a government project)  a  more secure

Pardus Linux for  the  world,   not  just Turkey.



Thank you for reading my review.


If you have any suggestions or comments, kindly

send your email to This e-mail address is being protected from spam bots, you need JavaScript enabled to view it





By Michael Shee Choon Beng.


Add NewSearch
pembeci - Nice review of Pardus   | 88.242.53. | 2008-01-25 04:58:49
Thanks for taking the time to test Pardus and then writing this extensive review. It was very helpful for me.
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